There's been a lot of discussion on this forum about the controversial idea that mandatory vaccinations infringe on the right of parents to decide on their child's healthcare path—whether it's a concern of free choice, affordability, etc.
Some possible solutions I'd like to bring up are:
1. As is currently being done in many places, the WHO recommends a system of accountability, wherein local officials are held accountable for the vaccination of local citizens. At the grassroots level, community leaders must ensure that parents understand the importance of vaccination through education. Strides have been achieved in the past decade through this method, such as in Nigeria, which is on the verge of eradicating polio.
In Slovakia, for instance, the Slovak Public Health Authority has taken an unwavering stance in favor of mandatory vaccinations, despite immense public backlash by traditional-minded parents and activists. I think this is in large part due to Slovakia's commitments as a member of the European Union.
2. If the affordability of vaccinations is an issue that disincentivizes the poorest in society from seeking it (in countries where it's not mandatory), how about a system of welfare that's contingent on vaccinations?
I'd like to know whether this has been implemented in your country of residence, and whether you think this would improve the moral/practical aspects of the issue.
3. Should the government just subsidize more vaccinatons? In countries like Japan, the 2009 flue pandemic prompted the health ministry to expand the scope of vaccinations that are covered by public funds. This list extended to Haemophilus Influenza B in 2013, Pneumococcal Pneumonia in 2014, and Hepatitis B in 2016. Some improvements have been reported.
What specific programs/models have your country implemented to foster greater "accountability" and to encourage people to get vaccinations? What obstacles does your country face regarding vaccinations?
In Korea, an organization called the Korea Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (KACIP) exists, in which they make recommendations regarding vaccination practices to the National Immunization Program. This committee help create new laws or regulate current laws based on the public's opinions of current vaccination practices and its enforcement. In reference to Ariel's comment on vaccination specific to each country, it is clear that vaccination is required in Korea when it comes to certain diseases.